HUBUNGAN USIA KEHAMILAN DAN KOMPLIKASI KEHAMILAN DENGAN KEJADIAN BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DI RUANG PERINATOLOGI TAHUN 2013

ABSTRACT

 

Background: The infant mortality rate every year nearly 8 million people, the highest mortality caused by LBW. LBWinfant mortality by the year 2012 as many as 87 people and in 2011 as many as 113 people This study aims to determine the relationship of gestational age and pregnancy complications with the incidence of LBW.

Methods: This study was an observational analytic cross sectional design. Population of all infants who were treated with LBW in the Orangi perinatalalogi numbered 885. Based on the calculations can be sampled by 275. Proportional sampling random sampling. Univariate analysis of the data to describe the frequency distribution of each of the studied variables, bivariate analysis see whether there is a relationship between two variables using a statistical test Chi Square test. To determine the closeness of the relationship used statistical tests Contingency Coefficient (c).

Results: show as much as 8.4% of respondents with Aterrm gestation, by 1.5% of respondents with Posterm gestational age, and as many as 1.5% of respondents with preterm gestation, and as much as 4.7% of respondents did not have complications in pregnancy and as much as 95.3% of respondents experiencing pregnancy complications and 7.3% of respondents with a low birth weight <1000 grams, while 40.7% of respondents with a low birth weight <1500 g and as much as 52.0% of respondents with low birth weight 1500-2500 grams.

Conclusion: The study found a significant relationship between age and LBW with a very weak relationship categories and there is a significant association between complications with LBW with a very weak relationship categories.

 

Keywords: Age, Pregnancy Complications and Genesis LBW

 

ABSTRAK

 

Latar Belakang: Angka kematian bayi setiap tahun hampir 8 juta jiwa, kematian tertinggi disebabkan oleh BBLR. Angka kematian bayi dengan BBLR tahun 2012 sebanyak  87 orang dan tahun 2011 sebanyak 113 orang. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui hubungan usia kehamilan dan komplikasi kehamilan dengan kejadian BBLR.

Metode Penelitian: Penelitian ini observasional analitik desain cross sectional. Populasi semua bayi yang dirawat dengan BBLR di ruang perinatalalogi berjumlah 885 orangi. Berdasarkan perhitungan di dapat sampel sebesar 275. Pengambilan sampel proporsional random sampling. Analisis data dengan univariat untuk menggambarkan distribusi frekuensi dari masing-masing variabel yang diteliti, analisis bivariat melihat ada tidaknya hubungan antara dua variabel yaitu dilakukan uji statistik menggunakan uji Chi Square. Untuk mengetahui keeratan hubungannya digunakan uji statistik Contingency Coefficient (c).

Hasil Penelitian: menunjukkan sebanyak 8,4% responden dengan usia  kehamilan Aterrm, sebanyak 1,5% responden dengan usia kehamilan Posterm, dan sebanyak 1,5% responden dengan usia kehamilan Preterm, dan sebanyak 4,7% responden tidak  mengalami komplikasi kehamilan dan sebanyak 95.3% responden mengalami komplikasi kehamilan serta sebanyak 7,3% responden dengan BBLR < 1000 gram, sebanyak 40,7% responden dengan BBLR < 1500 gram dan sebanyak 52.0% responden dengan BBLR 1500-2500 gram.

Kesimpulan: Hasil penelitian terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara usia dengan BBLR dengan katagori hubungan sangat lemah dan terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara komplikasi dengan BBLR dengan katagori hubungan sangat lemah.

 

Kata Kunci:  Usia, Komplikasi Kehamilan dan Kejadian BBLR

 

 

 

 

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