Faktor–Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Angka Kejadian Ispa Pada Balita Usia 0-5 Tahun Di Puskesmas

ABSTRAK
Infeksi saluran pernapasan akut (ISPA) di negara berkembang masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat, terutama pada balita. Laporan cakupan penderita ISPA balita Pukesmas Simpang Periuk Kota Lubuklinggau tahun 2007 menunjukkan masih tingginya angka penderita ISPA.
Penelitian ini bersifat derkriptif analitik , terhadap balita di puskesmas Simpang Periuk kota lubuklinggau. Dengan tujuan untuk mendapatkan faktor – faktor yang mempengaruhi angka kejadian ISPA pada balita di Puskesmas Simpang Periuk kota Lubuklinggau. Berdasarkan variabel status gizi, status imunisasi, dan status ASI pada balita.
Hasil penelitian dari 38 balita yang menderita ISPA menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara status gizi dengan kejadian ISPA karena nilai p = 0,671 tidak ada hubungan antara status imunisasi dengan kejadian ISPA karena nilai p = 0,294 dan tidak ada hubungan antara status ASI dengan kejadian ISPA karena nilai p = 0,462 , kemudian dari ketiga variabel yang diteliti diperoleh nilai p > α  tidak didapatkan hubungan yang bermakna dengan kejadian ISPA.
Dari penelitian tersebut diperlukan perhatian khusus dari tenaga kesehatan di puskesmas agar dapat mengoptimalkan pencapaian program pemberantasan penyakit menular di puskesmas simpang periuk kota lubuklinggau dengan melakukan penyuluhan kesehatan kepada masyarakat. Salah satunya dengan meningkatkan program manajemen terpadu balita sakit (MTBS), memberikan penyuluhan mengenai ASI eksklusif, meningkatkan pemberian Imunisasi dan vitamin A, memberikan penyuluhan mengenai rumah sehat, dan penyuluhan tentang perawatan awal pada balita yang terkena ISPA.
 ABSTRACT

The Factors Which Influence Score Of Acute Respiratory Infection Occurrence To The Baby 0-5 Years Old At Simpang Periuk Society Of Health Centre 
Acute Respiratory Infection at country of growing is societies of health as a big problem especially to the babies. The report of Simpang Periuk society of health centre is known that Acute Respiratory Infection at high position level on the year of 2007.
The design of this research was descriptive analytic method, to the babies at Simpang Periuk Society of Health Centre Lubuklinggau City. To the goal can got the factors which influence score of acute resoiratory infection occurrence to the babies at Simpang Periuk Society of Health Centre Lubuklinggau City. Based on variable the nutrient status, imunization status, and ASI status to the babies.
The result of this research from 38 babies which consist of Acute Respiratory Infection suffer is known there is no correlation between the nutrient status with Acute Respiratory Infection occurrence because p value = 0,671 there is no correlation between imunization status with Acute Respiratory Infection occurrence because p value = 0,294 and there is no correlation between ASI status with Acute Respiratory Infection bacause p value = 0,462 then from three variables which researched found value of p > α there is no signification correlation with Acute Respiratory Infection occurrence.
From this research there are suggestion to the official Society of Health Centre can more maximum for clean the pandemic on their work area at Simpang Periuk Society of Health Centre Lubuklinggau City with give supported to the societies. One of programs with grow up management program babies sickness, giving support about eksklusive ASI, give more than before imunization and vitamin A, healthy house, and early care to the babies who catch Acute Respiratory Infection.

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