Infectious Diseases

The disease is an abnormal state of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction or difficulty of the dipengaruhinya. To cure the sickness, regular people consult a doctor. An infectious disease is a disease that can be transmitted from one person to another. The transmission of this disease usually occurs if there is contact between sick people with others. It could also happen directly or through intermediaries. Usually the nature of infectious disease is acute, short duration, and is usually caused by a pathogen (Paramita, 2011).

The Way Of Transmission Of The Disease

Of the thousands of germs, bacteria, and viruses that are already successfully identified, only a small amount can cause disease, especially the pathogens. The mechanism of transmission most often occurs through some organs of the body, as follows:

  1. Airway (by means of inhalation or inhaled). Transmitted by the sufferer through a torrent of fluid that comes out when the sufferer is coughing or sneezing.
  2. Channel cerna (by way of ingested). Pathogens that can contaminate the stool out through food and drinks and then eaten. The transmission is called fecal-oral or fecal matter from the mouth.
  3. Direct contact. A pathogen is transmitted through the hands or kiss.
  4. The skin, the mucous membranes (inoculation). Nasty germs can enter the body through the skin or mucous membranes are torn. For example, because the wound surgery, transfusion, tattoos, piercing and others.
  5. Some maternal infectious diseases can be transmitted through the placenta to the fetus. For instance, Hepatitis B, HIV, Rubella and others.
Kinds Of Kinds Of Infectious Diseases
  1. Dengue fever is not contagious through human contact directly but can be transmitted by the mosquito Aedes Aegypti females keep the virus in eggs and then will transmit the virus to humans through a bite.
  2. Diarrhea is a disease caused by a virus. People affected by diarrhea will experience frequent bowel movements with the texture of the faces.
  3. Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria that can attack all parts of the body but most is the lungs.
  4. Malaria. The malarial parasite transmitted by mosquitoes, and they breed in red blood cells.
  5. Hepatitis is a viral disease. This naming because infected patients can seem yellow.
  6. HIV/AIDS is a collection of symptoms and infections that arise due to the destruction of the human immune system due to HIV infection

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